AskDefine | Define security

Dictionary Definition

security

Noun

1 the state of being free from danger or injury; "we support the armed services in the name of national security" [ant: insecurity]
2 a formal declaration that documents a fact of relevance to finance and investment; the holder has a right to receive interest or dividends; "he held several valuable securities" [syn: certificate]
3 a department responsible for the security of the institution's property and workers; "the head of security was a former policeman" [syn: security department]
4 measures taken as a precaution against theft or espionage or sabotage etc.; "military security has been stepped up since the recent uprising" [syn: security measures]
5 defense against financial failure; financial independence; "his pension gave him security in his old age"; "insurance provided protection against loss of wages due to illness" [syn: protection]
6 freedom from anxiety or fear; "the watch dog gave her a feeling of security"
7 an electrical device that sets off an alarm when someone tries to break in [syn: security system, security measures]
8 property that your creditor can claim in case you default on your obligation; "bankers are reluctant to lend without good security" [syn: surety]
9 a guarantee that an obligation will be met [syn: surety]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From securite < (French: sécurité) < securitas < securus "safe, secure".

Pronunciation

  • (UK) /sɪˈkjʊəɹəti/, /sI"kjU@r@ti/
  • (US) /səˈkjuɹ.ɪˌti, /sI"kjUr@ti/

Noun

  1. the condition of not being threatened, especially physically, psychologically, emotionally, or financially
  2. something that secures.
  3. an organization or department responsible for providing security by enforcing laws, rules, and regulations as well as maintaining order.
  4. something that secures the fulfillment of an obligation or law.
  5. Freedom from apprehension.
  6. proof of ownership of stocks, bonds or other investment instruments.W
  7. property temporarily relinquished to guarantee repayment of a loan

Synonyms

  • (condition of not being threatened): safety
  • (something that secures): protection
  • (something that secures the fulfillment of an obligation): guarantee, surety

Antonyms

Translations

condition of not being threatened
something that secures
  • Dutch: beveiliging
  • German: Sicherheit
  • Japanese: 保護 (ほご, hogo), セキュリティー sekyuritii
  • Portuguese: segurança
  • Russian: защита, гарантия
  • Spanish: seguridad
  • Swedish: skydd, säkerhetsåtgärd
organization or department responsible for providing security
something that secures the fulfillment of an obligation
finance: proof of ownership
finance: property temporarily relinquished

Extensive Definition

Security is the condition of being protected against danger or loss. In the general sense, security is a concept similar to safety. The nuance between the two is an added emphasis on being protected from dangers that originate from outside. Individuals or actions that encroach upon the condition of protection are responsible for the breach of security.
The word "security" in general usage is synonymous with "safety," but as a technical term "security" means that something not only is secure but that it has been secured. In telecommunications, the term security has the following meanings:
  • A condition that results from the establishment and maintenance of protective measures that ensure a state of inviolability from hostile acts or influences.
  • With respect to classified matter, the condition that prevents unauthorized persons from having access to official information that is safeguarded in the interests of national security.
  • Measures taken by a military unit, an activity or installation to protect itself against all acts designed to, or which may, impair its effectiveness.
Security has to be compared and contrasted with other related concepts: Safety, continuity, reliability. The key difference between security and reliability is that security must take into account the actions of active malicious agents attempting to cause destruction.

Perceived security compared to real security

It is very often true that people's perception of security is not directly related to actual security. For example, a fear of flying is much more common than a fear of driving; however, driving is generally a much more dangerous form of transport. The tool may be mistaken for the effect, for example when multiple computer security programs interfere with each other, the user assumes the computer is secure when actual security has vanished.
Another side of this is a phenomenon called security theatre where ineffective security measures such as screening of airline passengers based on static databases are introduced with little real increase in security or even, according to the critics of one such measure - Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System - with an actual decrease in real security.
Additionally, however, sometimes if it is perceived that there is security then there will be an increase in actual security, even if the perception of security is mistaken. Sometimes a sign may warn that video surveillance is covering an area, and even if there is no actual visual surveillance then some malicious agents will be deterred by the belief that there may be. Also, often when there is actual security present in an area, such as video surveillance, an alarm system in a home, or an anti-theft system in a car such as a LoJack, signs advertising this security will increase its effectiveness, protecting the value of the secured vehicle or area itself. Since some intruders will decide not to attempt to break into such areas or vehicles, there can actually be less damage to windows in addition to protection of valuable objects inside. Without such advertisement, a car-thief might, for example, approach a car, break the window, and then flee in response to an alarm being triggered. Either way, perhaps the car itself and the objects inside aren't stolen, but with perceived security even the windows of the car have a lower chance of being damaged, increasing the financial security of its owner(s). It is important, however, for signs advertising security not to give clues as to how to subvert that security, for example in the case where a home burglar might be more likely to break into a certain home if he or she is able to learn beforehand which company makes its security system.

Categorising security

There is an immense literature on the analysis and categorisation of security. Part of the reason for this is that, in most security systems, the "weakest link in the chain" is the most important. The situation is asymmetric since the defender must cover all points of attack while the attacker need only identify a single weak point upon which to concentrate.

Types of security

IT realm
Physical realm
Political
Monetary
Aviation Security is a combination of measures and material and human resources intended to counter the unlawful interference with the aviation security.

Security concepts

Certain concepts recur throughout different fields of security.
  • Risk - a risk is a possible event which could cause a loss
  • Threat - a threat is a method of triggering a risk event that is dangerous
  • Vulnerability - a weakness in a target that can potentially be exploited by a threat
  • Exploit - a vulnerability that has been triggered by a threat - a risk of 1.0 (100%)
  • Countermeasure - a countermeasure is a way to stop a threat from triggering a risk event
  • Defense in depth - never rely on one single security measure alone
  • Assurance - assurance is the level of guarantee that a security system will behave as expected

Security management in organizations

In the corporate world, various aspects of security were historically addressed separately - notably by distinct and often noncommunicating departments for IT security, physical security, and fraud prevention. Today there is a greater recognition of the interconnected nature of security requirements, an approach variously known as holistic security, "all hazards" management, and other terms. Inciting factors in the convergence of security disciplines include the development of digital video surveillance technologies (see Professional video over IP) and the digitization and networking of physical control systems (see SCADA). Greater interdisciplinary cooperation is further evidenced by the February 2005 creation of the Alliance for Enterprise Security Risk Management, a joint venture including leading associations in security (ASIS), information security (ISSA, the Information Systems Security Association), and IT audit (ISACA, the Information Systems Audit and Control Association).

IT Security standards

  • refer also to TCSEC Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria (Orange Book)

Security experts

See also

Concepts
Branches

References

security in Arabic: أمن
security in German: Sicherheit
security in Modern Greek (1453-): Ασφάλεια
security in French: Sécurité
security in Korean: 보안
security in Indonesian: Keamanan
security in Italian: Sicurezza
security in Hebrew: אבטחה
security in Dutch: Beveiliging en Bewaking
security in Japanese: 保安
security in Uighur: چىڭدالماق
security in Russian: Безопасность
security in Finnish: Turvallisuus
security in Swedish: Säkerhet
security in Turkish: Güvenlik
security in Yiddish: זיכערהייט
security in Chinese: 保安

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Easy Street, aegis, affluence, aplomb, armament, armor, arrogance, aspiration, assumption, assurance, assured faith, assuredness, asylum, authenticity, authoritativeness, bail, balance, balanced personality, bamboo curtain, barrier of secrecy, bed of roses, belief, blackout, bond, calculability, care, censorship, certainty, certification, certitude, cheerful expectation, clear sailing, clover, cocksureness, collateral, comfort, confidence, confidentness, constancy, conviction, cool, courage, curtain, custodianship, custody, dependability, dependence, deposit, desire, doomed hope, earnest, ease, easy circumstances, equilibrium, expectation, fair prospect, faith, faithworthiness, fastness, felicity, fervent hope, firmness, fleshpots, gage, good cheer, good hope, gracious life, gracious living, great expectations, guarantee, guaranty, guard, guarding, happiness, harmlessness, high hopes, homeostasis, hope, hopeful prognosis, hopefulness, hopes, hoping, hoping against hope, hubris, hush-up, immunity, imperturbability, insurance, invariability, invincibility, invulnerability, iron curtain, ironbound security, lap of luxury, life of ease, loaves and fishes, luxury, nerve, oath of secrecy, official secrecy, overconfidence, oversureness, overweening, overweeningness, pall, pawn, pledge, poise, pomposity, positiveness, prayerful hope, predictability, presumption, pride, promise, prospect, prospects, prosperity, prosperousness, protection, refuge, reliability, reliance, repression, risklessness, rootedness, safeguard, safeguarding, safeness, safety, sanctuary, sang-froid, sanguine expectation, seal of secrecy, secureness, self-assurance, self-confidence, self-importance, self-reliance, settled belief, shelter, shield, smothering, solidity, soundness, stability, stable equilibrium, stable state, stableness, staunchness, steadfastness, steadiness, steady nerves, steady state, stifling, strength, subjective certainty, substantiality, success, suppression, sureness, surety, surveillance, the affluent life, the good life, thriving condition, token, trust, trustworthiness, undeflectability, unerringness, uniformity, unshakable nerves, unshakableness, upward mobility, validity, veil, veil of secrecy, velvet, ward, warrant, warranty, weal, wealth, welfare, well-being, well-grounded hope, wraps
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