surname n : the name used to identify the members of a family (as distinguished from each member's given name) [syn: family name, cognomen, last name]
- , /ˈsɜː(r)neɪm/, /"s3:(r)neIm/
EtymologyFrom < sour-, sur- < super) < base , the comparative of the base ; + name.
name that indicates family
- Bosnian: prezime
- Chinese: 姓 (xìng); 姓氏 (xìngshì)
- Czech: příjmení
- Danish: efternavn
- Dutch: achternaam , familienaam
- Finnish: sukunimi
- French: nom de famille
- German: Nachname, Familienname
- Greek: επώνυμο (epónimo), επίθετο (epítheto)
- Hebrew: שם משפחה (shem mishpaħa)
- Hungarian: vezetéknév
- Indonesian: marga
- Interlingua: supernomine, nomine de familia, ultime nomine
- Italian: cognome
- Japanese: 姓, せい (sei); 名字, 苗字, みょうじ (myōji)
- Korean: 성, 姓 (seong)
- Maltese: kunjom
- Norwegian: etternavn
- Persian: (nam-e khanevadegi)
- Polish: nazwisko
- Portuguese: sobrenome , nome de família , último nome italbrac when appearing last
- Russian: фамилия
- Scottish Gaelic: sloinneadh
- Slovak: priezvisko
- Slovene: priimek
- Spanish: apellido
- Swedish: efternamn , familjenamn
- Telugu: ఇంటిపేరు (imtipEru)
- Xhosa: ifani
- Zulu: isibongo
- To give a surname.
- To call by a surname.
A surname is a name added to a given name and is part of a personal name. In many cases, a "surname" is a family name; the family-name meaning first appeared in 1375. Many dictionaries use "surname" as a synonym of "family name."
Surnames are often influenced by common elements: the name of the person's father or mother, the person's geographical origin, the person's occupation, or a descriptive nickname for the person. When they were created, they answered one of the following questions: Who is this person related to? Where is this person from? What does this person do for a living? What is his or her most prominent feature?