1 French playwright (1791-1861) [syn: Augustin Eugene Scribe]
4 a sharp-pointed awl for marking wood or metal to be cut [syn: scriber, scratch awl] v : score a line on with a pointed instrument, as in metalworking
- Rhymes: -aɪb
- One who writes; a draughtsman; a writer for another; especially, an official or public writer; an amanuensis or secretary; a notary; a copyist.
- A writer and doctor of the law; one skilled in the law and traditions; one who read and explained the law to the people.
- A very sharp, steel drawing implement used in engraving and etching.
One who writes; a draughtsman
A writer and doctor of the law
A very sharp, steel drawing implement used in engraving and etching
- To write, or to record.
- To write or draw with a scribe.
To write, or to record
- Finnish: kirjoittaa
To write or draw with a scribe
this the profession
A scribe (or scrivener) is a person who writes books or documents by hand. The profession lost most of its importance with the advent of printing.
Ancient EgyptThe Ancient Egyptian scribe (MdC transliteration zXA.w) was a person educated in the arts of writing (using both hieroglyphics and hieratic scripts, and from the second half of the first millennium BCE also the demotic script) and arithmetics. He was generally male, belonged socially to what we would refer to as a middle class elite, and was employed in the bureaucratic administration of the pharaonic state, of its army, and of the temples. Sons of scribes were brought up in the same scribal tradition, sent to school and, upon entering the civil service, inherited their fathers' positions.
Much of what is known about ancient Egypt is due to the activities of its scribes. Monumental buildings were erected under their supervision, administrative and economic activities were documented by them, and tales from the mouths of Egypt's lower classes or from foreign lands survive thanks to scribes putting them in writing.
The profession, first associated with the goddess Seshat, became restricted to males in the later dynasties.
Scribes were also considered part of the royal court and did not have to pay tax or join the military. The scribal profession had companion professions, the painters and artisans who decorated tombs, buildings, furniture, statuary, and other relics with pictures and hieroglyphic text.
MesopotamiaWriting in early Mesopotamia seems to have grown out of the need to document economic transactions, and consisted often in lists which scribes knowledgeable in writing and arithmetics engraved in cuneiform letters into tablets of clay. Apart from administration and accountancy, Mesopotamian scribes observed the sky and wrote literary works. They wrote on papyrus paper.
SoferA Sofer () are among the few scribes that still ply their trade by hand. Renowned calligraphers, they produce the Hebrew Torah scrolls and other holy texts by hand to this day.they wrote on papyrus which is a reed grown along the Nile river.
- Elder (religious)
- The Seated Scribe
- Worshipful Company of Scriveners
- Notable scribes:
- Barry J. Kemp, Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization, Routledge 2006, ISBN 0415235499, pp.166ff.
- Henri-Jean Martin, The History and Power of Writing, University of Chicago Press 1995, ISBN 0226508366
- David McLain Carr, Writing on the Tablet of the Heart: Origins of Scripture and Literature, Oxford University Press collyn anderson2005, ISBN 0195172973
scribe in German: Kopist
scribe in Modern Greek (1453-): Σοφερείμ
scribe in Spanish: Escriba
scribe in French: Scribe dans l'Égypte antique
scribe in Italian: Scriba
scribe in Norwegian: Soferim
scribe in Portuguese: Escriba
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