AskDefine | Define run

Dictionary Definition



1 a score in baseball made by a runner touching all four bases safely; "the Yankees scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th"; "their first tally came in the 3rd inning" [syn: tally]
2 the act of testing something; "in the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately"; "he called each flip of the coin a new trial" [syn: test, trial]
3 a race run on foot; "she broke the record for the half-mile run" [syn: footrace, foot race]
4 an unbroken series of events; "had a streak of bad luck"; "Nicklaus had a run of birdies" [syn: streak]
5 (American football) a play in which a player runs with the ball; "the defensive line braced to stop the run"; "the coach put great emphasis on running" [syn: running, running play, running game]
6 a regular trip; "the ship made its run in record time"
7 the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace; "he broke into a run"; "his daily run keeps him fit" [syn: running]
8 the continuous period of time during which something (a machine or a factory) operates or continues in operation; "the assembly line was on a 12-hour run"
9 unrestricted freedom to use; "he has the run of the house"
10 the production achieved during a continuous period of operation (of a machine or factory etc.); "a daily run of 100,000 gallons of paint"
11 a small stream [syn: rivulet, rill, runnel, streamlet]
12 a race between candidates for elective office; "I managed his campaign for governor"; "he is raising money for a Senate run" [syn: political campaign, campaign]
13 a row of unravelled stitches; "she got a run in her stocking" [syn: ladder, ravel]
14 the pouring forth of a fluid [syn: discharge, outpouring]
15 an unbroken chronological sequence; "the play had a long run on Broadway"; "the team enjoyed a brief run of victories"
16 a short trip; "take a run into town"


1 move fast by using one's feet, with one foot off the ground at any given time; "Don't run--you'll be out of breath"; "The children ran to the store"
2 flee; take to one's heels; cut and run; "If you see this man, run!"; "The burglars escaped before the police showed up" [syn: scarper, turn tail, lam, run away, hightail it, bunk, head for the hills, take to the woods, escape, fly the coop, break away]
3 stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point; "Service runs all the way to Cranbury"; "His knowledge doesn't go very far"; "My memory extends back to my fourth year of life"; "The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets" [syn: go, pass, lead, extend]
4 direct or control; projects, businesses, etc.; "She is running a relief operation in the Sudan" [syn: operate]
5 have a particular form; "the story or argument runs as follows"; "as the saying goes..." [syn: go]
6 move along, of liquids; "Water flowed into the cave"; "the Missouri feeds into the Mississippi" [syn: flow, feed, course]
7 perform as expected when applied; "The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in"; "Does this old car still run well?"; "This old radio doesn't work anymore" [syn: function, work, operate, go] [ant: malfunction]
8 change or be different within limits; "Estimates for the losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion"; "Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent"; "The instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals"; "My students range from very bright to dull" [syn: range]
9 run, stand, or compete for an office or a position; "Who's running for treasurer this year?" [syn: campaign]
10 cause to emit recorded sounds; "They ran the tapes over and over again"; "Can you play my favorite record?" [syn: play]
11 move about freely and without restraint, or act as if running around in an uncontrolled way; "who are these people running around in the building?"; "She runs around telling everyone of her troubles"; "let the dogs run free"
12 have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined; "She tends to be nervous before her lectures"; "These dresses run small"; "He inclined to corpulence" [syn: tend, be given, lean, incline]
13 carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine; "Run the dishwasher"; "run a new program on the Mac"; "the computer executed the instruction" [syn: execute]
14 be operating, running or functioning; "The car is still running--turn it off!" [ant: idle]
15 change from one state to another; "run amok"; "run rogue"; "run riot"
16 cause to perform; "run a subject"; "run a process"
17 be affected by; be subjected to; "run a temperature"; "run a risk"
18 continue to exist; "These stories die hard"; "The legend of Elvis endures" [syn: prevail, persist, die hard, endure]
19 occur persistently; "Musical talent runs in the family"
20 include as the content; broadcast or publicize; "We ran the ad three times"; "This paper carries a restaurant review"; "All major networks carried the press conference" [syn: carry]
21 carry out; "run an errand"
22 guide or pass over something; "He ran his eyes over her body"; "She ran her fingers along the carved figurine"; "He drew her hair through his fingers" [syn: guide, draw, pass]
23 cause something to pass or lead somewhere; "Run the wire behind the cabinet" [syn: lead]
24 make without a miss
25 deal in illegally, such as arms or liquor [syn: black market]
26 cause an animal to move fast; "run the dogs"
27 be diffused; "These dyes and colors are guaranteed not to run" [syn: bleed]
28 sail before the wind
29 cover by running; run a certain distance; "She ran 10 miles that day"
30 extend or continue for a certain period of time; "The film runs 5 hours" [syn: run for]
31 set animals loose to graze
32 keep company; "the heifers run with the bulls ot produce offspring" [syn: consort]
33 run with the ball; in such sports as football
34 travel rapidly, by any (unspecified) means; "Run to the store!"; "She always runs to Italy, because she has a lover there"
35 travel a route regularly; "Ships ply the waters near the coast" [syn: ply]
36 pursue for food or sport (as of wild animals); "Goering often hunted wild boars in Poland"; "The dogs are running deer"; "The Duke hunted in these woods" [syn: hunt, hunt down, track down]
37 compete in a race; "he is running the Marathon this year"; "let's race and see who gets there first" [syn: race]
38 progress by being changed; "The speech has to go through several more drafts"; "run through your presentation before the meeting" [syn: move, go]
39 reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating; "melt butter"; "melt down gold"; "The wax melted in the sun" [syn: melt, melt down]
40 come unraveled or undone as if by snagging; "Her nylons were running" [syn: ladder]
41 become undone; "the sweater unraveled" [syn: unravel] [also: running, ran]

User Contributed Dictionary



  • /r\Vn/
  • /ɹʌn/



  1. The act of running.
    I just got back from my run.
  2. The route taken while running.
    Which run did you do today?
  3. A flow of liquid; a leak.
    The constant run of water from the faucet annoys me.
  4. A small creek or part thereof.
  5. The amount of something made.
    The book’s initial press run will be 5,000 copies.
    The run of the show lasted two weeks, and we sold out every night.
  6. A pace faster than a walk.
    He broke into a run.
  7. In the context of "of horses": A fast gallop.
  8. An interval of distance or time, a period marked by a continuing trend.
    He went to Las Vegas and spent all his money over a three-day run.
    I’m having a run of bad luck.
  9. A series of tries in a game that were successful.
  10. A regular trip or route.
    The bus on the Cherry Street run is always crowded.
  11. A standard or unexceptional group or category.
    He stood out from the usual run of applicants.
  12. An enclosure for an animal; a track or path along which something can travel.
    He set up a rabbit run.
  13. An errand or the journey associated with an errand.
    I need to make a run to the store.
  14. A pleasure trip.
    Let's go for a run in the car.
  15. In the context of "skiing|bobsledding": A single trip down a hill, as in skiing and bobsledding.
  16. baseball cricket A point scored in baseball and cricket.
  17. A rapid passage in music, especially along a scale.
  18. A sequence of cards in a suit in a card game.
  19. A sudden series of demands on a bank or other financial institution, especially characterised by great withdrawals.
    Financial insecurity led to a run on the banks, as customers feared for the security of their savings.
  20. Any sudden large demand for something.
    There was a run on Christmas presents.
  21. Unrestricted use of an area.
    He can have the run of the house.
  22. A line of knit stitches that has unravelled.
    I have a run in my stocking.
  23. The top of a step on a staircase, also called a tread, as opposed to the rise.
  24. A production quantity in a factory.
    Yesterday we did a run of 12,000 units.
  25. The stern of the underwater body of a ship from where it begins to curve upward and inward.

Related terms


The act of running
  • Czech: běh
  • Italian: corsa
  • Japanese: 走り
  • Kurdish:
  • Malay: lari
  • Romanian: fugă
The route taken while running
  • Japanese: ルート, 経路
  • Romanian: rută
Flow of liquid
  • Japanese: 流れ
  • Romanian: flux
  • Japanese: 小川
  • Romanian: golf
Amount of something made
  • Japanese: 量
  • Romanian: tiraj (for magazines), duratăj (for shows)
Faster then a walk
  • Japanese: 早歩き
  • Romanian: pas
  • Japanese: 襲歩 (for horse riding)
  • Romanian: trap
Interval of distance or time
  • Japanese: (for distance)道程, 区間, (for time)時間, 期間
Enclosure for animals
  • Japanese: ラン
  • Romanian: ţarc
Nautical equipment
  • Romanian: cârmă
Unravelled Stitches


  1. In a liquid state; melted; molten.
    Put some run butter on the vegetables.
  2. Exhausted; depleted (especially with "down" or "out".)


  1. To move forward quickly upon two feet by alternately making a short jump off of either foot, compare: walk.
    Run, Sarah, run!
  2. To go at a fast pace, to move quickly.
    The horse ran the length of the track.
    I have been running all over the building looking for him.
    Sorry, I've got to run; my house is on fire.
  3. intransitive metaphorical To move or spread quickly.
    There's a strange story running around the neighborhood.
    The flu is running through my daughter's kindergarten.
  4. To cause to move quickly; to make move lightly.
    Every day I run my dog across the field and back.
    I'll just run the vacuum cleaner over the carpet.
    Run your fingers through my hair.
  5. To control or manage, be in charge of.
    My uncle ran a corner store for forty years.
    She runs the fundraising.
    My parents think they run my life.
  6. Of a liquid, to flow.
    The river runs through the forest.
    There's blood running down your leg.
  7. Of an object, to have a liquid flowing from it.
    Your nose is running.
    Why is the hose still running?
    My cup runneth over.
  8. To make a liquid flow; to make liquid flow from an object.
    You'll have to run the water a while before it gets hot.
    Run the tap until the water gets hot.
  9. To extend in space or through a range of possibilities (often with a measure phrase).
    The border runs for 3000 miles.
    The leash runs along a wire.
    The grain of the wood runs to the right on this table.
    It ran in quality from excellent to substandard.
  10. To extend in time, to last, to continue (usually with a measure phrase).
    The sale will run for ten days.
    The contract runs through 2008.
    The meeting ran late.
    The book runs 655 pages.
    The speech runs as follows:...
  11. To make something extend in space.
    I need to run this wire along the wall.
  12. Of a machine, including computer programs, to be operating or working normally.
    My car stopped running.
    That computer runs twenty-four hours a day.
    Buses don't run here on Sunday.
  13. To make a machine operate.
    It's full. You can run the dishwasher now.
    Don't run the engine so fast.
  14. To execute or carry out a plan, procedure or program.
    They ran twenty blood tests on me and they still don't know what's wrong.
    Our coach had us running plays for the whole practice.
    I will run the sample.
    Don't run that software unless you have permission.
    My computer is too old to run the new OS.
  15. To compete in a race.
    The horse will run the Preakness next year.
    I'm not ready to run a marathon.
  16. To be a candidate in an election.
    I have decided to run for governor of California.
    We're trying to find somebody to run against him next year.
  17. To make run in a race or an election.
    He ran his best horse in the Derby.
    The Green Party is running twenty candidates in this election.
  18. To be offered in one of the media.
    The story will run on the 6-o'clock news.
    The latest Robin Williams movie is running at the Silver City theatre.
    Her picture ran on the front page of the newspaper.
  19. To print or broadcast in the media.
    run a story
    run an ad
  20. To leak or spread in an undesirable fashion , to bleed (especially used of dye or paint).
    He discovered during washing that the red rug ran on his white sheet, staining it pink.
  21. To go through without stopping, usually illegally.
    run a red light or stop sign
    run a blockade
  22. To transport someone or something.
    Could you run me over to the store?
    Please run this report upstairs to director's office.
  23. To smuggle illegal goods.
    run guns
    run rum
  24. To cost a large amount of money.
    Buying a new laptop will run you a thousand dollars.
  25. Of fish, to migrate for spawning.
  26. intransitive soccer To carry a football down the field.
  27. Of stitches, to unravel.
    My stocking is running.
  28. To flee away from a danger or towards help.
    Whenever things get tough, she cuts and runs.
    When he's broke, he runs to me for money.
  29. transitive agriculture To sort through a large volume of produce in quality control.
    Looks like we're gonna have to run the tomatoes again.
  30. past participle of run


to move quickly
past participle of run


Pinyin syllable

  1. A transliteration of any of a number of Chinese characters properly represented as having either of two tones, rún or rùn.

Usage notes

English transcriptions of Chinese speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Chinese language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Old English


From the Germanic root *rūnō. Cognate with the Old Saxon rūna, Old High German rūna (and German Raun), Old Norse rūn, and Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌰 (rūna).


  • /ru:n/


(plural or )
  1. mystery, secret
    rune healdan (to keep one’s counsel)
  2. advice, counsel
  3. writing; a rune


See also

Old Norse


From the Germanic root *rūnō. Cognate with the Old English rūn, Old Saxon rūna, Old High German rūna (and German Raun), and Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌰 (rūna).


  1. secret
  2. rune; writing, runes
    ᛟᛞᛁᚺᛁᚨᚠ ᛟᚾᚢᚱ ᛉᛁᛏᛊᚨᚷᚨᛞ [...]
    [ek go]dagastiR runo faihido
    [I, Gu]dgjest inscribed the runes. — 4th century inscription on the Einang stone, near Fagernes, Norway.

Extensive Definition

Run or runs may refer to:



Film, television and literature


Songs and albums


  • Joseph Simmons, a member of hip-hop group Run D.M.C., also known as "Run" or "Rev Run"(a play on his religious title)
  • Melisma, also known as runs or vocal runs

Other meanings

  • RUN, the ICAO code for ACT Airlines
  • Run (cards), a combination of playing cards where cards have consecutive rank values
  • Run (island), one of the smallest Banda Islands
  • Spring run, the outflow of a spring of water, also called a spring branch
  • Bank run, a mass withdrawal by many people of money from a bank
  • Diarrhea, also called "getting the runs"
  • Campaigning for public office in an election

See also

run in German: Lauf
run in Esperanto: RUN
run in French: Run (homonymie)
run in Italian: RUN
run in Dutch: Run
run in Japanese: RUN
run in Kölsch: RUN (Watt ėßß datt?)

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Brownian movement, Everyman, Indian file, Le Mans, Lehrfreiheit, Public, Zeitgeist, abide, abrade, abrasion, abscond, absquatulate, academic freedom, acciaccatura, acquire, act, adolescent stream, advance, affluence, afflux, affluxion, aim, air lane, air race, airlift, alameda, angular motion, appoggiatura, arabesque, array, arroyo, articulation, ascend, ascending, ascent, assault, automobile race, average, average man, averageness, axial motion, azimuth, back, back up, backflowing, backing, backward motion, balance, bank, bark, batch, be effective, be in action, be responsible for, bear, bear upon, bearing, beat, beat a retreat, beaten path, beaten track, beck, bent, berm, bicycle path, bicycle race, bide, blemish, bloody, boardwalk, boat, boat race, bolt, booking, boost, borscht circuit, bound, bourn, braided stream, branch, break, breed, bridle path, bring down, bring on, bring out, bring upon, brook, brooklet, buck, budge, bull, bulldoze, bum, bump, bundle, bunt, bureaucracy, bureaucratism, burn, burrow, burst, burst of speed, bustle, butt, butt against, buzz, cadence, cadenza, call the signals, campaign, canoe, canter, captain, career, carry, carry on, carry out, carry sail, carry through, catena, catenation, catwalk, cave, center, chafe, chain, chain reaction, chaining, change, change place, channel, chart a course, chase, check, chinoiserie, chip, circle, circuit, circumnavigate, claw, clear out, climb, climbing, coast, coil, colliquate, coloratura, command, common man, common run, commonality, commonness, commute, concatenation, concourse, concussion, cond, conduct, confluence, conflux, conn, connection, consecution, constitutional freedom, contest a seat, contest of speed, continualness, continuance, continuation, continue, continue to be, continuity, continuum, contract, control, couch, course, cover, cover ground, covert, coxswain, crack, crackle, cram, craze, creek, crick, cross, cross-country race, crosscurrent, crossing, crowd, cruise, culture, currency, current, cut, cut and run, cycle, daily grind, dash, dash off, dash on, date, dead run, deal with, decamp, decoagulate, decoct, defeat time, defluxion, defrost, defy time, deliquesce, den, depart, derby, descend, descending, descent, desert, designate, dig, direct, direction, direction line, dissolve, division, dog, dog it, dog race, dogtrot, double-time, downflow, downpour, downward motion, drag race, drift, driftage, drive, drone, duration, dwell, dysentery, earth, ebb, ebbing, elapse, elbow, elope, embellishment, emigrate, emigration, encompass, endless belt, endless round, endurance, endurance race, endure, engagement, engineer, engrave, enter the lists, environ, esplanade, everyman, everywoman, excursion, exist, expatriate, expatriation, expedition, expire, extend, extension, extensiveness, falcon, fall in with, fall into, fare, fare forth, farm, fastwalk, fatten, feed, fester, festinate, fetch, file, filiation, fioritura, flank speed, flash burn, flat-out speed, flee, flight, flight path, flit, float, flood, flourish, flow, flow back, flow in, flow on, flow out, flowing, flowing stream, fluency, fluidify, fluidize, flush, fluviation, flux, fly, follow the hounds, foot, foot pavement, footpath, footrace, footway, force, forced draft, form, forward motion, fowl, fox-trot, fracture, fray, frazzle, freedom, freedom from fear, freedom from want, freedom of worship, fresh, freshet, fret, fugitate, full gallop, function, fuse, gain, gall, gallop, gamut, gang, garden path, gash, generality, get, get going, get moving, get out, get over, ghost, gill, girl next door, git, glacial movement, glide, go, go along, go around, go by, go by ship, go hunting, go on, go on shipboard, go out, go round, go sideways, go to sea, goad, golden mean, govern, grace, grace note, gradation, grand tour, grind, groove, grow, guide, gun, gush, gyrate, habitualness, hand gallop, handle, happy medium, hasten, hatch, have effect, have free play, have play, have the conn, hawk, head, head up, heading, headlong rush, heat, heavy right foot, hectograph, helm, helmsmanship, herd, hie, high lope, hightail, hiking trail, hold, hold in solution, hold on, hold out, hold the reins, hole, homme moyen sensuel, hop, hop along, hotfoot, hound, hum, hunt, hunt down, hurdle race, hurry, hurry on, hurry through, hurry up, hurry-scurry, hurt, hurtle, hustle, immigrate, immigration, impress, imprint, in-migrate, in-migration, incidental, incidental note, incise, incision, inclination, incur, inflow, infuse, injure, injury, intermigrate, intermigration, invite, issue, itinerary, jab, jack, jacklight, jam, jaunt, jog, jog trot, joggle, jolt, jostle, journey, jump, jump bail, junket, juste-milieu, keep, keep on, kill, lacerate, laceration, lair, lap, lapse, last, last long, last out, lay, lazy stream, leach, lead, lead on, leap, leg, lengthening, lesion, levant, liberty, license, lie, line, line of direction, line of march, lineage, liquefy, liquesce, liquidize, live, live on, live through, lixiviate, lodge, long mordent, loose, lope, lose no time, lot, maim, main current, mainstream, maintain, maintenance, make, make a passage, make go, make haste, make mincemeat of, make off, make the rules, make tracks, making, mall, manage, maneuver, manipulate, marathon, marathon race, mastermind, match race, matter, maul, maximum speed, mean, meandering stream, median, mediocrity, medium, melt, melt down, mew, midchannel, middle, middle course, middle ground, middle point, middle position, middle state, middle-of-the-road, midpoint, midstream, migrate, migration, militate, mill run, millrace, millstream, mimeograph, monotone, mordent, mortal wound, motion, motorboat, motorcycle race, mount, mounting, move, move along, move on, move over, move quickly, movement, moving road, multigraph, mutilate, mutilation, name, name for office, navigable river, navigate, navigation, nexus, nominate, norm, normal, normality, nudge, nurture, oblique motion, obstacle race, ocean trip, officer, ongoing, onrush, onward course, open throttle, operate, orbit, ordain, order, ordinariness, ordinary Joe, ordinary run, orientation, ornament, out-migrate, out-migration, outflow, outing, overprint, package tour, par, parade, part, pass, pass by, passage, path, pathway, pendulum, percolate, perdure, peregrination, perennate, perform, perform on, periodicity, perk, perpetuation, perseverance, persist, persistence, piece, pierce, pile drive, pilgrimage, pilot, piloting, play, playing engagement, pleasure trip, plenum, plow the deep, plunge, plunging, ply, point, poke, portion, post, potato race, pour, powder train, practice, prado, pralltriller, prescribe, press, press on, prevail, prevalence, primrose path, print, proceed, prod, progress, progression, prolongation, promenade, proof, propose, protraction, prove, prowl after, public walk, publish, pull, pull a proof, pull the strings, punch, puncture, pursuance, push, push on, put out, put to bed, put to press, put up, quarter, quarterback, queue, race, racing stream, radial motion, raise, ram, ram down, rampantness, ranch, random motion, range, rank, rankle, rattle, reach, reach out, rear, recurrence, red tape, red-tapeism, refine, reflowing, refluence, reflux, regatta, regress, regression, regulate, regurgitate, reign, reissue, relay, relay race, remain, remigrate, remigration, rend, render, rent, repetition, reprint, reticulation, retrogress, retrogression, ride, ride the sea, ride to hounds, rifeness, rip, ripen, rise, rising, river, rivulet, road, road race, roll, roll on, rotate, rotation, roulade, round, round trip, route, routine, routineness, row, rubberneck tour, ruck, rule, run against, run away, run away from, run away with, run for it, run for office, run its course, run off, run on, run out, rundle, runlet, runnel, runway, rupture, rush, rush through, rut, sack race, safari, sail, sail free, sail round, sail the sea, sally, sashay, savage, scald, scale, scamper, scoot, scorch, scotch, scramble, scrape, scratch, screw, scud, scuff, scull, scurry, scuttle, sea lane, sea trip, seafare, second-degree burn, see to, sequence, series, set, shake, shakedown cruise, shape a course, shepherd, shift, shikar, shin, shits, shoot, shortcut, shoulder, shove, show the heels, sidewalk, sideward motion, sike, single file, single mordent, sink, sinking, skedaddle, skim, skin, skip, skip out, skipper, slash, slide, slip, slip the cable, slit, smelt, smuggle, sneak, soar, soaring, solo, solubilize, solve, sore, span, spate, spectrum, speed, speedway race, spill stream, spin, sport, sprain, spread, spring, sprint, sprint race, spurt, squirrel cage, stab, stab wound, stalk, stamp, stand, stand for office, start, stay, stay on, staying power, steam, steamboat, steer, steerage, steering, step, step along, step lively, sternway, stick, still-hunt, stir, stock-car race, straddle, straight course, strain, stream, stream action, streamlet, stress, stretch, stretch out, strike, string, strip, submit, subside, subsiding, subsist, subterranean river, succession, suppurate, surge, surge back, surround, survive, sustain, sustained action, sustenance, swarm, swarming, swath, sweep, sweepingness, swing, tack down wind, take French leave, take a voyage, take care of, take command, take effect, take flight, take in, take the helm, take the lead, take to flight, take wing, tamp, tarry, tear, tendency, tenor, test flight, thaw, the Four Freedoms, the general tendency, the main course, the run of, thin, third-degree burn, thread, three-legged race, thrust, thrust out, tick, tide, tide over, tier, time spirit, tone, torch race, tour, towing path, towpath, track, track race, trade route, trail, train, traject, trajectory, trajet, transmigrate, transmigration, trauma, traumatize, travel, traverse, treadmill, trek, trend, trip, trot, trots, trottoir, tunnel, turn, turn tail, unclot, undercurrent, undertow, unfreeze, uninterrupted course, unremittingness, upward motion, usualness, vaudeville circuit, via media, voyage, wadi, walk, walk the waters, walkway, wane, water flow, watercourse, waterway, way, wayfare, wear, wear well, weep, welcome, well-worn groove, wend, whirl, wide-open speed, widespreadness, windrow, work, wound, wounds immedicable, wrench, yacht, yacht race
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