peneplain n : a more or less level land surface representing and advanced stage of erosion undisturbed by crustal movements [syn: peneplane]
After the streams in an area have reached base level, lateral erosion is dominant - as the streams erode the highland areas between them. Finally, the upland is almost gone: the stream floodplains merge in an area of very low to no topographic relief. The resulting flat plain is the ultimate stage in the cycle of erosion or geographical cycle.
The streams within a peneplained region show extensive meandering and braiding. If the area is subsequently uplifted due to adjacent orogenic processes, without internal deformation within the peneplain, the streams will again begin downward erosion - creating incised meanders, water gaps, and other unique geomorphic features.
A peneplain can be mistaken for a depositional plain. However, the rocks beneath a peneplain have been folded and tilted by tectonic forces, while the rocks beneath a depositional plain lie in horizontal layers.
The peneplain concept was developed early in the 1900s by the geomorphologists, William Morris Davis and Walther Penck.
peneplain in Breton: Argompezenn
peneplain in German: Rumpffläche
peneplain in Spanish: Penillanura
peneplain in French: Pénéplaine
peneplain in Dutch: Schiervlakte
peneplain in Polish: Peneplena
peneplain in Portuguese: Peneplanície
peneplain in Russian: Пенеплен
peneplain in Finnish: Peneplaani
peneplain in Swedish: Peneplan
peneplain in Ukrainian: Пенеплен
peneplain in Chinese: 準平原