AskDefine | Define fraction

Dictionary Definition



1 a component of a mixture that has been separated by a fractional process
2 a small part or item forming a piece of a whole
3 the quotient of two rational numbers v : perform a division; "Can you divide 49 by seven?" [syn: divide] [ant: multiply]

User Contributed Dictionary



From Middle English fraccioun (a breaking), from Anglo-Norman, from Late Latin frāctus (break).


  • frăkʹshən, /ˈfræk.ʃən/, /"fr

Extensive Definition

In common usage a fraction is any part of a unit.
Fraction may also mean:
  • Fraction (mathematics), a quotient of numbers, e.g. "¾"; or, more generally, an element of a quotient field
  • Fraction (chemistry), a quantity of a substance collected by the separation process known as fractionation
  • Fraction (religion), the ceremonial act of breaking the bread during Christian Communion
  • Fraction (politics), a parliamentary party
  • Fraction (comic), a short-lived comic about the theft of a powersuit
  • Fractional (ownership), a reference to property timeshare
  • In Human Resources, fraction can refer to the percentage of full-time a part-time employee works. So, for example, if an employee works 50% of the usual hours, their fraction is 50%. Positions which are filled by multiple employees at once can also be expressed by fractions > 100%. For example, if a position is budgeted as 150%, that means one 100% employee and one 50% employee can fill it at a time, or three 50% employees. In this sense, fraction is in units of full-time equivalent employees.

See also

  • A faction – note spelling – is a splinter group or other smaller group within or previously associated with a larger group.
fraction in Belarusian: Дробі
fraction in German: Bruch
fraction in Spanish: Fracción (desambiguación)
fraction in French: Fraction
fraction in Italian: Frazione
fraction in Dutch: Breuk
fraction in Japanese: 分数
fraction in Polish: Frakcja
fraction in Russian: Дробь
fraction in Slovak: Frakcia
fraction in Slovenian: Ulomek
fraction in Swedish: Fraktion
fraction in Chinese: 分數

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Gaussian integer, adjunct, algebraic number, arithmetical proportion, cardinal, cardinal number, complex number, component, contingent, continued fraction, cross section, defective number, detachment, detail, division, dole, even number, finite number, geometric ratio, harmonic proportion, imaginary number, impair, improper fraction, infinity, installment, integer, irrational, irrational number, item, mixed number, ordinal, pair, parcel, part, particular, percent, percentage, polygonal number, portion, prime number, proportion, pure imaginary, quadrant, quarter, quota, quotum, random sample, rate, ratio, rational, rational number, real, real number, rectangular number, remainder, round number, rule of three, sample, sampling, section, sector, segment, serial number, share, subdivision, subgroup, subspecies, surd, transcendental number, transfinite number, whole number
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