1 an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business [syn: tribunal, judicature]
2 the sovereign and his advisers who are the governing power of a state [syn: royal court]
3 a specially marked area within which a game is played; "players had to reserve a court in advance"
4 a room in which a law court sits; "television cameras were admitted in the courtroom" [syn: courtroom]
5 a yard wholly or partly surrounded by walls or buildings; "the house was built around an inner court" [syn: courtyard]
6 the residence of a sovereign or nobleman; "the king will visit the duke's court"
7 the family and retinue of a sovereign or prince [syn: royal court]
8 a hotel for motorists; provides direct access from rooms to parking area [syn: motor hotel, motor inn, motor lodge, tourist court]
9 Australian woman tennis player who won many major championships (born in 1947) [syn: Margaret Court]
10 respectful deference; "pay court to the emperor" [syn: homage]
2 seek someone's favor; "China is wooing Russia" [syn: woo]
3 engage in social activities leading to marriage; "We were courting for over ten years"
- Rhymes: -ɔː(r)t
- An enclosed space; a courtyard; an uncovered area shut in by the walls of a building, or by different building; also, a space opening from a street and nearly surrounded by houses; a blind alley.
- The residence of a sovereign, prince, nobleman, or ether dignitary; a palace.
- The collective body of persons composing the retinue of a sovereign or person high in authority; all the surroundings of a sovereign in his regal state.
- Any formal assembling of the retinue of a sovereign; as, to hold a court.
- Attention directed to a person in power; conduct or address designed to gain favor; courtliness of manners; civility; compliment; flattery.
- The hall, chamber, or place, where justice is administered.
- The persons officially assembled under authority of law, at the appropriate time and place, for the administration of justice; an official assembly, legally met together for the transaction of judicial business; a judge or judges sitting for the hearing or trial of causes.
- A tribunal established for the administration of justice.
- The judge or judges; as distinguished from the counsel or jury, or both.
- The session of a judicial assembly.
- Any jurisdiction, civil, military, or ecclesiastical.
- A place arranged for playing the game of tennis, basketball and some other games; also, one of the divisions of a tennis court.
enclosed space; a courtyard
residence of a sovereign, prince, nobleman, or ether dignitary
collective body of persons composing the retinue of a sovereign or person high in authority
formal assembling of the retinue of a sovereign
attention directed to a person in power
hall, chamber, or place, where justice is administered
persons officially assembled under authority of law
tribunal established for the administration of justice
judge or judges
session of a judicial assembly
- German: Gericht
place arranged for playing the game of tennis; also, one of the divisions of a tennis court
- ttbc Arabic: منطقة أو محكمة
- ttbc Dutch: Rechtbank
- ttbc Malay: mahkamah (court of law), halaman (courtyard or palace court)
- ttbc Nepalese: अदालत
- Woo; attempt to win over with social activities and displays of breeding; tact and affection.
- Third-person singular indicative present form of courir.
A court is a public forum used by a power base to adjudicate disputes and dispense civil, labour, administrative and criminal justice under its laws. In common law and civil law states, courts are the central means for dispute resolution, and it is generally understood that all persons have an ability to bring their claims before a court. Similarly, those accused of a crime have the right to present their defense before a court.
Court facilities range from a simple farmhouse for a village court in a rural community to huge buildings housing dozens of courtrooms in large cities.
A court is a kind of deliberative assembly with special powers, called its jurisdiction, to decide certain kinds of judicial questions or petitions put to it. It will typically consist of one or more presiding officers, parties and their attorneys, bailiffs, reporters, and perhaps a jury.
The term "court" is often used to refer to the president of the court, also known as the "judge" or the "bench", or the panel of such officials. For example, in the United States, and other common law jurisdictions, the term "court" (in the case of U.S. federal courts) by law is used to describe the judge himself or herself.
In the United States, the legal authority of a court to take action is based on three pillars of power over the parties to the litigation: (1) Personal jurisdiction; (2) Subject matter jurisdiction; and (3) Venue.
Jurisdiction, meaning "to speak the law" is the power of a court over a person or claim. In the United States, a court must have both personal jurisdiction and subject matter jurisdiction. Each state establishes a court system for the territory under its control. This system allocates work to courts or authorized individuals by granting both civil and criminal jurisdiction (in the United States, this is termed subject-matter jurisdiction). The grant of power to each category of court or individual may stem from a provision of a written constitution or from an enabling statute. In English law, jurisdiction may be inherent, deriving from the common law origin of the particular court.
Trial and appellate courts
Courts may be classified as trial courts (sometimes termed "courts of first instance") and appellate courts. Some trial courts may function with a judge and a jury: juries make findings of fact under the direction of the judge who reaches conclusions of law and, in combination, this represents the judgment of the court. In other trial courts, decisions of both fact and law are made by the judge or judges. Juries are less common in court systems outside the Anglo-American common law tradition.
Civil law courts and common law courtsThe two major models for courts are the civil law courts and the common law courts. Civil law courts are based upon the judicial system in France, while the common law courts are based on the judicial system in Britain. In most civil law jurisdictions, courts function under an inquisitorial system. In the common law system, most courts follow the adversarial system. Procedural law governs the rules by which courts operate: civil procedure for private disputes (for example); and criminal procedure for violation of the criminal law.
Types and organization of courts
court in Bosnian: Sud
court in Breton: Lez (roue)
court in Bulgarian: Съд
court in Czech: Soud
court in Welsh: Llys (cyfraith)
court in Danish: Domstol
court in German: Gericht
court in Estonian: Kohus
court in Modern Greek (1453-): Δικαστήριο
court in Spanish: Tribunal de justicia
court in Esperanto: Tribunalo (juro)
court in French: Tribunal
court in Western Frisian: Rjochtbank
court in Galician: Tribunal
court in Korean: 법원
court in Croatian: Sud
court in Indonesian: Pengadilan
court in Italian: Tribunale
court in Hebrew: בית משפט
court in Swahili (macrolanguage): Mahakama
court in Lao: ສານ
court in Lithuanian: Teismas
court in Hungarian: Bíróság
court in Macedonian: Суд
court in Dutch: Rechtbank
court in Nepali: अदालत
court in Japanese: 裁判所
court in Norwegian: Domstol
court in Norwegian Nynorsk: Domstol
court in Occitan (post 1500): Tribunal
court in Polish: Sąd
court in Portuguese: Tribunal
court in Quechua: Taripay suntur
court in Russian: Суд
court in Simple English: Court
court in Slovak: Súd
court in Slovenian: Sodišče
court in Serbian: Суд
court in Serbo-Croatian: Sud
court in Finnish: Tuomioistuin
court in Swedish: Domstol
court in Thai: ศาล
court in Vietnamese: Tòa án
court in Cherokee: ᏧᎾᏓᏱᎵᏓᏍᏗ
court in Turkish: Mahkeme
court in Ukrainian: Суд
court in Yiddish: געריכט
court in Chinese: 法院
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