- Plural of conviction.
conviction is the verdict
that results when a
finds a defendant guilt
y of a
The opposite of a conviction is an acquittal
(i.e. "not guilty").
the Netherlands there is also a third verdict of "not proven
which counts as an acquittal.)
For a host of reasons, the criminal
system is not perfect and sometimes guilty defendants
are acquitted while innocent people are convicted. Appeal
mitigate this problem to some extent. An error that results in the
conviction of an innocent person is a miscarriage
After a defendant is convicted, the court
determines the appropriate sentence
as a punishment
Further, the conviction may lead to results beyond the terms of the
sentence itself. Such ramifications are known as the
collateral consequences of criminal charges
. However the
defendant must be 18 years old in all states except in Alaska
(where in Alaska the age is 21) to be convicted. If the defendant
is under the age of 18 (or 21 in Alaska) the conviction is
concidered a minor conviction.
A minor conviction is concidered, in a term, a
warning conviction, and it does not effect the defendant, but
serves as a warning.
's history of convictions
are called antecedent
known colloquially as "previous" in the UK and "priors" in the
United States and Australia.
convictions in Lithuanian: